Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells of the cervix grow out of control.
Mostly it is caused by HPV, which is a sexually transmitted infection. Sometimes HPV can disappear on it’s own, but in worst cases can cause abnormal cell growth, which can lead to cervical cancer.
Unfortunately the signs are not so obvious and apparent. However, there are a few signs that all women need to be aware of, in order to early detect cervical cancer, and immediately contact a gynecologist.
1. Unusual Discharge
This is a common symptom of cervical cancer. When the cancer begins to grow inside the cervix, the cells of the uterine lining start secreting watery discharge.
If you notice appearance of small warts, externally or internally, urgently make an appointment with your doctor.
Anemia can be caused by abnormal bleeding, which often accompanies cervical cancer.
4. Urinary Problems
The kidneys and bladder may be compressed as the cervix swells. As a result you may not be able to go to the toilet normally. It can be painful as an urinary tract infection.
5. Pain in the legs, hips or back
The swelling cervix compresses internal organs. Moreover, the blood vessels may also be compressed and impede the blood to reach the pelvis and legs, causing pain and swelling in the legs and ankles.
6. Weight Loss
As a result of a swollen cervix, it can come to appetite and weight loss.
Please note that any of these symptoms not necessary mean that you have cervical cancer. But if you notice any of them, it would be good to consult your doctor. Only a gynecologist can make a diagnosis.
- Smoking or breathing in second-hand smoke
- Multiple sexual partners
- Unprotected sex
- Low immunity
The best way of prevention is a regular visit to the gynecologist, and to do regular Pap test in order to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix.